Sudden back and forth movement of the brain can cause it to bounce or twist within the skull. This can occur with a blow to the head, jolting or hitting the head against a hard surface. It can also happen when the body is hit hard and it causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. When this happens, chemical changes occur within the brain. Brain cells can also be stretched or damaged with sudden movement. This is the anatomy of a concussion and here are four things you should know.
A Concussion is a Type of Traumatic Brain Injury
When the brain is injured, serious problems can develop. While it may seem that a bump on the head is not generally a big issue, it can be. For the most part, concussions are “mild” and do not present life-threatening problems. However, they are still considered a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the effects can be serious.
Concussions do not always present symptoms immediately. A person can have one and not show symptoms for days or weeks after the actual event. Occasionally, an individual may not recognize that he or she has a problem because the signs can be so subtle.
Recovery Takes Time
One of the major concerns with teens and contact sports is that those who sustain mild concussions may not always take the necessary time for recovery. Though many people have full recovery from this type of concussion, there are individuals who will experience symptoms for a longer period of time. It is important to allow time for the brain to fully heal. Unfortunately, many kids suffer slight concussions and then go back on the playing field before they are completely recovered from the injury.
While most people heal completely, 30% to 80% will experience some symptoms for a time after the initial injury. This can last anywhere from weeks to years after the injury. Post-concussive syndrome (PCS) develops after a TBI and symptoms can include headache, dizziness, fatigue and memory impairment. Some patients also experience difficulty in concentration, insomnia or irritability among other symptoms. Having three or more of the symptoms leads to a diagnosis of PCS.
When you or a loved one has sustained a head injury, it is important to seek medical help. A mild concussion is considered a TBI and should be treated as such for the best outcome.
Posted on behalf of Sovereign Rehabilitation
5555 Peachtree Dunwoody Rd, Suite 225
Atlanta, GA 30342
Phone: (404) 835-3340